Perennial Gallery

Perennials

Latin Namesort ascending Common Name Description
Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's Root NATIVE perennial to 60” with stately spires of white flowers beloved by bumblebees.
Verbena hastata
Blue Vervain NATIVE perennial to 60" with long lasting steeples of tiny blue-purple blossoms. Medicinal and very attractive to pollinators. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-wet BLOOM: Aug-Sept
Valeriana officinalis
Valerian Medicinal perennial is strong herbal sedative. 60" tall plants with white/light pink flowers. Self sows freely. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: dry-med-wet BLOOM: June-July
Thymus serphyllum
Creeping Thyme Hardy perennial ground cover, can be used interchangeably with and is more hardy than the culinary German Thyme, bees are obsessed with the small flowers.
Symphytum x uplandicum
Bocking 14 Russian Comfrey Vigorous medicinal perennial with large leaves, great for mulch, compost, and fertilizer. Purple flowers on 24" plants attract bees. SUN: shade-part-sun MOISTURE: med-wet BLOOM: June-July
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England Aster NATIVE 36" plants with fall flowers in shades of purple and pink. Great pollinator plant. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-wet BLOOM: Aug-Sept
Solidago caesia
Blue-Stemmed Goldenrod NATIVE clump-forming goldenrod to 24" with late blooms very attractive to pollinators. Flowers all along the blue-hued stems. SUN: part-shade MOISTURE: med BLOOM: Sept-Oct
Senna hebecarpa
Wild Senna NATIVE 48-60” nitrogen-fixing legume with canary yellow pea-like flowers with black centers. Attract pollinators and very hardy. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: July-Aug
Rumex acetosa
Garden Sorrel Large, succulent, lemony leaves used for French sorrel soup, in salads, and as a tart seasoning for many dishes. Grows to 18". SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: remove flower stalks in June-July to prolong leaf production.
Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet Black-eyed Susan NATIVE long lived perennial black-eyed susan with yellow flowers up to 5 feet, medium soil, full sun to part shade.
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Mountain Mint NATIVE pollinator magnet grows to 30" with flat-topped clusters of tiny white flowers. Bees especially love this aromatic member of the mint family. Leaves make a medicinal tea. Spreads by rhizomes. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: dry-med-wet BLOOM: July-Aug
Penstemon digitalis
Foxglove Beardstongue NATIVE perennial w/ dark green foliage in a lush mounded rosette gives rise to flowerstalks loaded w/ tubular white blossoms that attracts bees and hummingbirds. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: June-July
Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot NATIVE  tea herb with lavender flowers and light green foliage.  Attracts bees and butterflies.  42" tall with vigorous spreading growth habit.  SUN:  part-full  MOISTURE:  med-dry  BLOOM:  July-Aug
Monarda didyma
'Panorama Red Shades' Bee Balm NATIVE 42" perennial with shades of bright, salmon and scarlet reds, attracts bees and butterflies. Great cutflower. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: July-Aug
Monarda bradburniana
Bradbury's Monarda NATIVE bee balm similar to Wild Bergamot with lavender blossoms, but much more compact at 24". Great choice for the garden. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: June-July
Mentha piperita
Chocolate Mint Chocolate-flavored mint with dark green-brown leaves and rhizomatous roots, full sun.
Lobelia siphilitica
Great Blue Lobelia NATIVE long -blooming wildflower with bright lavendar-blue tubular blossoms up a long flower-stalk to 24". Beautiful garden plant that self-seeds readily. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-wet BLOOM: July-Sept
Liatris spicata
Dense Blazing Star NATIVE perennial plants with upright purple flower spires up to 5 feet, pollinator favorite, medium to wet soil, full sun to part shade.
Levisticum officinale
Lovage Edible celery-flavored perennial grows to 60". Good for the permaculture garden with its flowering tops attracting beneficial insects. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: July-Aug
Leucanthemum superbum
'Crazy Daisy' Spectacularly ruffled 2 1/2" white flowers w/ small yellow eyes on 30" plants. Blooms are fully double and packed with uniquely shaped petals. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: June-July
Leonurus cardiaca
Motherwort Medicinal member of the mint family, spiny stems with tri-lobed leaves. Self sows.
Heliopsis heliantoides
'Summer Sun' Ox-Eye Daisy 36” stalks with profuse bright yellow flowers, great for bouquets, long season of bloom
Helenium autumnale
'Red & Gold Hybrids' Sneezeweed NATIVE cultivar to 42" with sprays of sunny yellow, orange, and bronze flowers. Excellent cut flower. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: Sept
Glycyrrhiza glabra
Official Licorice Nitrogen fixing medicinal perennial with long, pencil-thin roots of classic licorice flavor
Fragaria virginiana
Wild Strawberry NATIVE groundcover to 5" with familiar delicious small red berries following starry white flowers. One of the best perennials for pollinators. SUN: shade-part-full MOISTURE: dry-med BLOOM: May-June
Echinacea purpurea
Purple Coneflower NATIVE wildflower to 42" loved by pollinators. Long reflexed pink petals surrounding dark seed head. Widely used medicinally to ward off colds and flu. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: July-Aug
Echinacea paradoxa
Bush's Coneflower NATIVE echinacea to 36" with long drooping golden yellow petals surrounding a spiky dark brown seed head. Pollinator favorite. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: July
Digitalis mertonensis
Strawberry Foxglove Perennial foxglove with bell-shaped rose flowers to 24”
Dianthus deltoides
'Arctic Fire' Dianthus Low growing perennial to 7" forms lush dense mat of attractive dark green foliage. Profuse blooms of small white flowers with fiery red center. SUN: full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: May-June
Astragalus membraneceous
Chinese Milk Vetch Chinese medicinal grows to 36" covered with small paired leaves. Inconspicuous pea-shaped flowers. The nitrogen-fixing roots are used as an immune enhancing adaptogen. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: July-Aug
Asclepias incarnata
Rose Milkweed NATIVE milkweed to 48" with rose upright flower clusters and a non-aggressive habit. Provides amazing monarch and beneficial insect habitat. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-wet BLOOM: July-Aug
Artemesia absinthium
Absinthe Wormwood Very bitter medicinal with feathery silvery green foliage on a woody base
Arnica chamissonis
Meadow Arnica NATIVE anti-inflammatory and wound herb with bright yellow flowers and creeping habit.
Amsonia tabernaemontana
Willow Leaf Bluestar NATIVE.  Blue star flowers with narrow leaves to 36".  Foliage turns attractive golden in fall.  
Althea officinalis
Marshmallow Mucilaginous immune stimulating medicinal, grows to over 60” with light pink flowers and downy foliage. Vigorous, non-spreading roots. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-wet BLOOM: June-July
Alchemilla mollis
Lady's Mantle Versitile medicinal plants with unique leaves that catch and hold the sparkling dew. 18" stalks with small yellow flowers good in bouquets. SUN: shade-part-full MOISTURE: med BLOOM: June-July
Ageratina altissima
White Snakeroot NATIVE perennial well suited to shady areas, with white sprays of small flowers on branching stems to 2 feet, medium soil, partial shade to shade.
Achillea millefolium
'Summer Pastels' Yarrow 24” pastel blend of pinks, rose, apricot, yellow, and cream flowers on broad sprays.  Excellent cut flower. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: June-Aug
Achillea millefolium
White Yarrow NATIVE bitter medicinal perennial to 18". White flowers great for bouquets and beneficial insects. Great permaculture companion for the orchard. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: June-Aug
Achillea millefolium
'Summer Berries' Yarrow 24" plants with flat-topped clusters of blooms in cheery shades of salmon, apricot, red, white, pink, yellow, and more. Excellent cut flower. SUN: part-full MOISTURE: med-dry BLOOM: June-Aug